The weave, material composition, and fibre structure all play a role in the fabric chosen for our sportswear clothes.
What are the Requirements of Sportswear?
We work hard in our sportswear, that is the point of being active. We want to be comfortable in movement and extension without cling or restriction from our clothes. We need to allow our skin to breath for temperature control and be protected from the elements. We need comfortable skin contact and support, low irritant, without tags to rub and we need to control the surface moisture. We need it to be light weight and slippery in the wind. Low drag coefficient factors are well known in cycling however not well known in general running circles. Yes it makes a big difference running into the wind in a floppy top compared to a close fit top. We want it to be easy to care for and be durable. Finally, and most importantly, we want to look great and show off our hard work. So how do we do all that?
Take a close look at some sportswear fabric, if it has a different texture on the inside to the outside, (and doesn't have a lining), it may be moisture wicking. The long lines or ridges in the weave (shown in the microscopic plate below left) open and close against each other performing the capillary action to draw the moisture away from the surface of your skin to the surface of the garment to evaporate. You can see these lines with the naked eye in quality fabric.
Now here is where it gets interesting. The surface weave should be close knit to limit airflow, limit water ingress, provide strength for some support, and limit UV penetration. But not too thick as to retain the moisture preventing surface evaporation or not too thin to be see through and weak. We discovered 200 gsm to be ideal with the chosen materials to balance these requirements. The microscopic plate on the right is of the outside surface showing a relatively tight uniform weave. We have come a long way with the weave design in the last couple of years. Try testing the weave performance out by putting some moisture wicking weave clothing on inside out with a light mist spray of water on the outside and walk around for 10 minutes.
The materials chosen for use in sportswear need to be tough, durable, non absorbent, non static, non shrinking, and non piling. A tall order to fill and the topic for another post, however polyester is the one to standout above cotton (absorbs moisture and shrinks) Nylon (dry retention and static issues) Bamboo (not durable unfortunately) Natural fibres (heav, hot and absorbent).
A weave of polyester is extremely durable, will not shrink or stretch, fade, wrinkle resistant, non static and by itself quite stiff. Adding the perfect amount of elasticity by introducing elastic fibres of spandex into the core of the polyester strands result in a stretch yarn ideal to accommodate all our requirements.
The Quatro Logiq Experience
Were on a mission to develop the ultimate garments for the roadway and not just the runway and we believe our version 3 materials meet all the requirements we need in our sportswear and active wear clothing. With a 200 gsm custom weave of polyester and spandex we deliver moisture wicking and body temperature control. It is very durable with a great feel. Being body hugging, it adjusts to your shape providing support where needed. Breathable, odour resistant, wind resistant, and water resistant, wrinkle-free, non-fading, and will not shrink. Great comfort, looks, performance, durability, and easy care.
So what do you think of your sportswear now and is it suitable? We have done the hard work for you so hopefully your armed with the right info to make the right purchase. We would love to hear from you and your experiences as we further learn and develop new garments that are simply logical.